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A brief introduction of the hospitals and hospital departments in Hong Kong 香港醫院及醫院部門簡介


Clusters, Hospitals & Institutions [1]


The medical service in Hong Kong has covered all over the regions, offering convenient services to its citizens. With the current status, The Hospital Authority (HA) manages 43 public hospitals and institutions, 49 specialist out-patient clinics (SOPCs), and 73 general out-patient clinics (GOPCs). Hospitals are arranged into seven hospital clusters based on their corresponding locations, including Hong Kong East Cluster, Hong Kong West Cluster, Kowloon East Cluster, Kowloon Central Cluster, Kowloon West Cluster, New Territories East Cluster and New Territories West Cluster. You might probably wonder, why are the hospitals in Hong Kong arranged into clusters? The purpose of hospital clusters is to ensure continuity of care for patients within the same cluster.



The Accident and Emergency (A&E) Services [2]


The Accident and Emergency (A&E) services are provided at 18 public hospitals under the HA. To ensure that patients who suffer more severe conditions are accorded higher priority in medical treatment, the 18 A&E Departments implemented a triage system which classifies patients according to their medical conditions. When patients arrive at the A&E Department, they will first be assessed by a professionally trained nurse based on the severity and nature of their medical conditions. After that, they will be classified into five categories: critical, emergency, urgent, semi-urgent or non-urgent



General Out-patient Clinics (GOPCs) [3]


The general out-patient clinics under the HA mainly provide primary health care services to the elders, low-income individuals, and patients with chronic diseases. Patients can be divided into two main categories: chronic disease patients with stable conditions such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension, and episodic disease patients with relatively mild symptoms such as gastroenteritis, influenza, or colds.


Nursing services like drug injection and wound dressing are provided in GOPCs. For patients with chronic illnesses such as diabetes mellitus or hypertension, multi-disciplinary teams will provide them with health risk assessments and follow-up care. As for high-risk chronic patients, targeted treatment services such as continence care, medication management and compliance, are provided by nurses and allied health professionals, including physiotherapists, occupational therapists and pharmacists. GOPCs also provide smoking counselling and cessation programmes to facilitate smokers to quit smoking.



Specialist Out-patient Clinics (SOPCs)


A specialist out-patient clinic (SOPC) is different from a general out-patient clinic (GOPC), which offers targeted diagnostic and care services to people in various medical disciplines. In the public healthcare system of Hong Kong, if citizens are in need of specialist consultation, treatment and investigation, referrals must be made in advance by registered medical practitioners before making the first appointment.


Specialities include: [4]

  • Anaesthesiology (Pain Clinic)

  • Cardiothoracic Surgery

  • Clinical Oncology

  • Ear, Nose and Throat

  • Eye

  • Gynaecology

  • Medicine

  • Neurosurgery

  • Obstetrics

  • Orthopaedics & Traumatology

  • Paediatrics

  • Surgery


Chinese Medicine Services [5]


Since 2014, the HA has been implementing the Integrated Chinese-Western Medicine (ICWM) programme. It provides in-patient Chinese Medicine services and follow-up Chinese Medicine out-patient services to patients of four selected disease areas (including stroke care, musculoskeletal pain management and cancer palliative care). Up to date, there are eight public hospitals providing the above-mentioned services, covering all seven hospital clusters of HA. In addition, the Government has incorporated Chinese Medicine into the healthcare system of Hong Kong in 2018, including the provision of Government-subsidised out-patient services by the 18 Chinese Medicine Clinics cum Training and Research Centres (CMCTRs) at each district.


Scope of services: [6]

  • General Consultation (including consultation fee and a maximum of 5 doses of CM products based on clinical needs)

  • Acupuncture

  • Bone-setting/Tui-na (at designated clinics)



醫院聯網、醫院及醫療機構 [7]


香港醫療服務遍布全港九新界,為市民提供便利服務。目前香港醫院管理局(醫管局)管理全港共43間公立醫院及醫療機構、49間專科門診及73間普通科門診。醫院及門診會根據機構所屬區域,大致劃分為七個醫院聯網,其中包括港島東聯網、港島西聯網、九龍東聯網、九龍中聯網、九龍西聯網、新界東聯網及新界西聯網。大家可能會問,為什麼需要以聯網制度來劃分醫院?原來醫院聯網的作用,可確保大部分病人能夠在同一地區內,獲取持續的治療。



急症室 [8]


醫管局轄下有十八間公立醫院急症室,為需要緊急服務的病人提供診症以及治療。

為了確保需要緊急服務的病人到達急症室時能獲得及時的急症服務,十八間急症室已實施病人分流制度。分流制度是指按照病人病情的緩急輕重而定治療的先後次序。當病人抵達急症室後,先由一名專業受培訓的護士初步評估病人的病情,再根據病人需要危殆、危急、緊急、次緊急及非緊急治療而予以分類。



普通科門診 [9]


醫管局普通科門診主要為社區内的長者、低收入人士和長期病患者提供基層醫療服務。病人可分為兩大類,包括患有糖尿病、高血壓等病情穩定的長期病患者,以及患有感冒、腸胃炎等症狀相對較輕的偶發性疾病病人。


普通科門診提供藥物注射及傷口護理等一般護理服務。患有糖尿病或高血壓等疾病的長期病患者,會由跨專業醫療團隊為他們進行健康風險評估及跟進護理服務,而高危長期病患者所需的針對性治理服務,包括理遺護理、用藥指導等,則由護士及物理治療師、職業治療師、藥劑師等專職醫療人員負責。普通科門診亦設有戒煙輔導服務,以協助吸煙人士戒除吸煙的習慣。



專科門診 [10]


有別於普通科門診,專科門診為病人在不同醫學範疇中提供針對性診斷及治療。在香港公立醫療服務體制中,市民如要進一步到專科門診跟進、診症、治療及檢查,需先由註冊醫生作出轉介安排,方能到公立醫院的專科門診作登記及預約。


專科服務包括:[11]

  • 麻醉科(痛症科門診)

  • 心胸外科

  • 臨床腫瘤科

  • 耳鼻喉科

  • 眼科

  • 婦科

  • 內科

  • 神經外科

  • 產科

  • 矯形及創傷外科(骨科)

  • 兒科

  • 外科


中醫服務 [12]


醫管局自2014年推行中西醫協作計劃, 在指定的公立醫院為四個特定疾病範疇(包括中風、肌肉及骨骼痛症及癌症紓緩治療)的住院病人,提供中西醫協作治療的住院服務和跟進的中醫門診服務。現時有八間醫院提供上述服務,涵蓋醫管局七個醫院聯網。


除此之外,香港政府在2018年將中醫藥納入香港的醫療系統,其中包括18間中醫診所暨教研中心(中醫診所)於各區提供政府資助的門診服務。


服務範圍: [13]

  • 中醫內科(包括診金及按臨床需要包不多於五劑中藥)

  • 針灸

  • 骨傷/推拿(於指定診所)



香港各大公立醫院中英對照表 [14]

Bilingual name list of public hospitals in Hong Kong [15]:


香港島 Hong Kong Island


港島東聯網Hong Kong East Cluster:

東區、灣仔和離島(大嶼山除外)

Eastern and Wanchai Districts and outlying Islands (excluding Lantau Island)

舂磡角慈氏護養院

Cheshire Home, Chung Hom Kok

東區尤德夫人那打素醫院

Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital

​​律敦治醫院

Ruttonjee Hospital

長洲醫院

St. John Hospital

鄧肇堅醫院

​Tang Shiu Kin Hospital

東華東院

Tung Wah Eastern Hospital

黃竹坑醫院

Wong Chuk Hang Hospital

港島西聯網 Hong Kong West Cluster:

中、西及南區 Central, Western and Southern Districts

葛量洪醫院

Grantham Hospital

​麥理浩復康院

MacLehose Medical Rehabilitation Centre

瑪麗醫院

Queen Mary Hospital

大口環根德公爵夫人兒童醫院

The Duchess of Kent Children's Hospital at Sandy Bay

贊育醫院

Tsan Yuk Hospital

東華三院馮堯敬醫院

Tung Wah Group of Hospitals Fung Yiu King Hospital

東華醫院

Tung Wah Hospital

九龍 Kowloon


九龍中聯網 /Kowloon Central Cluster:

油尖旺區、九龍城區及黃大仙區 Yau Tsim Mong, Kowloon City and Wong Tai Sin Districts

香港佛教醫院

Hong Kong Buddhist Hospital

香港兒童醫院

Hong Kong Children’s Hospital

香港眼科醫院

Hong Kong Eye Hospital

香港紅十字會輸血服務中心

Hong Kong Red Cross Blood Transfusion Service

九龍醫院

Kowloon Hospital

廣華醫院

​Kwong Wah Hospital

聖母醫院

Our Lady of Maryknoll Hospital

伊利沙伯醫院

Queen Elizabeth Hospital

東華三院黃大仙醫院

TWGHs Wong Tai Sin Hospital

九龍東聯網 /Kowloon East Cluster:

觀塘區及西貢區 Kwun Tong and Sai Kung Districts

基督教聯合醫院

​United Christian Hospital

將軍澳醫院

Tseung Kwan O Hospital

靈實醫院

Haven of Hope Hospital

九龍西聯網/ Kowloon West Cluster:

深水埔區、葵青區、荃灣區及大嶼山

Sham Shui Po, Kwai Tsing, Tsuen Wan Districts and Lantau Island

瑪嘉烈醫院

Princess Margaret Hospital

北大嶼山醫院

North Lantau Hospital

明愛醫院

Caritas Medical Centre

仁濟醫院

Yan Chai Hospital

葵涌醫院

Kwai Chung Hospital

新界 New Territories


新界東聯網/ New Territories East Cluster:

沙田區、大埔區和北區 Shatin, Tai Po and North Districts

威爾斯親王醫院

Prince of Wales Hospital

沙田醫院

Shatin Hospital

沙田慈氏護養院

Cheshire Home, Shatin

白普理寧養中心

Bradbury Hospice

​雅麗氏何妙齡那打素醫院

Alice Ho Miu Ling Nethersole Hospital

北區醫院

North District Hospital

​大埔醫院

​Tai Po Hospital

新界西聯網/ New Territories West Cluster:

屯門和元朗區 Tuen Mun and Yuen Long Districts

屯門醫院

Tuen Mun Hospital

博愛醫院

Pok Oi Hospital

​天水圍醫院

Tin Shui Wai Hospital

​青山醫院

​Castle Peak Hospital

​小欖醫院

Siu Lam Hospital

Contributed by:

CHAN Kwan Yi, Fanny (Chinese Medicine Services)

CHAU Man Wai, Tiffany (Accident & Emergency services)

CHUNG Wai Ha, Kate (General Out-patient Clinics, Specialist Out-patient Clinics & Bilingual name list)

LEONG Yin Chun, Vincent (Clusters, Hospitals and Institutions & Bilingual name list)

WONG Po Lam, Juliana


Edited by:

Dr. Janice Pan


References:

Government Subsidised Chinese Medicine Services. (2015). Hospital Authority Chinese Medicine Department (HACMD). Retrieved from

https://cmk.ha.org.hk/services/GovtSubsidisedCMServices_Eng


政府資助中醫服務 (2015)。醫院管理局中醫部。取自https://cmk.ha.org.hk/zh-cht/services/GovtSubsidisedCMServices#


Hospital Authority: Accident & Emergency (A&E). (n.d.). Hospital Authority. Retrieved from https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_index.asp?Content_ID=10051&Lang=ENG&Dimension=100&Parent_ID=10042&Ver=HTML


醫院管理局: 急症室(無日期)。醫院管理局。取自https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_index.asp?Content_ID=10051&Lang=CHIB5&Dimension=100&Parent_ID=10042


Hospital Authority: Clusters, Hospitals & Institutions. (n.d.). Hospital Authority. Retrieved from https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_text_index.asp?Content_ID=10036&Lang=ENG&Dimension=100&Parent_ID=10004&Ver=TEXT#


醫院管理局: 醫院聯網、醫院及醫療機構(無日期)。醫院管理局。取自

https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_text_index.asp?Content_ID=10036&Lang=CHIB5&Dimension=100&Parent_ID=10004&Ver=TEXT


Hospital Authority: General Out-patient Clinics. (n.d.). Hospital Authority. Retrieved from https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_index.asp?Content_ID=10052&Lang=ENG&Ver=HTML


醫院管理局: 普通科門診(無日期)。醫院管理局。取自

https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_index.asp?Content_ID=10052&Lang=CHIB5&Dimension=100&Parent_ID=10042


Hospital Authority: Specialist Out-patient Clinics. (n.d.). Hospital Authority. Retrieved from https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_index.asp?Content_ID=10053&Lang=ENG&Dimension=100&Parent_ID=10042&Ver=HTML


醫院管理局: 專科門診(無日期)。醫院管理局。取自

https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_index.asp?Parent_ID=10042&Content_ID=10053&Ver=HTML


醫訊通熱線:香港的公立醫療服務(無日期)。醫訊通熱線。取自

http://www.hkma.org/medilink/m2.htm#title


Introduction. (2021). Hospital Authority Tripartite Chinese Medicine Clinics Cum Centres for Training and Research Website. Retrieved from https://www.ha.org.hk/chinesemedicine/intro.asp?lan=en&cid=


簡介(2021)。醫院管理局三方協作中醫診所暨教研中心網站。取自

https://www.ha.org.hk/chinesemedicine/intro.asp?lan=chi&cid=

 

1. Hospital Authority: Clusters, Hospitals & Institutions. (n.d.). Hospital Authority. Retrieved from https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_text_index.asp?Content_ID=10036&Lang=ENG&Dimension=100&Parent_ID=10004&Ver=TEXT#)

2. Hospital Authority: Accident & Emergency (A&E). (n.d.). Hospital Authority. Retrieved from https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_index.asp?Content_ID=10051&Lang=ENG&Dimension=100&Parent_ID=10042&Ver=HTML

3. Hospital Authority: General Out-patient Clinics. (n.d.). Hospital Authority. Retrieved from https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_index.asp?Content_ID=10052&Lang=ENG&Ver=HTML

4. Hospital Authority: Specialist Out-patient Clinics. (n.d.). Hospital Authority. Retrieved from https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_index.asp?Content_ID=10053&Lang=ENG&Dimension=100&Parent_ID=10042&Ver=HTML

5. Introduction. (n.d.). Hospital Authority Tripartite Chinese Medicine Clinics Cum Centres for Training and Research Website. Retrieved from https://www.ha.org.hk/chinesemedicine/intro.asp?lan=en&cid=

6. Government Subsidised Chinese Medicine Services. (n.d.). Hospital Authority Chinese Medicine Department (HACMD). Retrieved from

https://cmk.ha.org.hk/services/GovtSubsidisedCMServices_Eng)

7. 醫院管理局: 醫院聯網、醫院及醫療機構(無日期)。醫院管理局。取自

https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_text_index.asp?Content_ID=10036&Lang=CHIB5&Dimension=100&Parent_ID=10004&Ver=TEXT

8. 醫院管理局: 急症室(無日期)。醫院管理局。取自https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_index.asp?Content_ID=10051&Lang=CHIB5&Dimension=100&Parent_ID=10042

9. 醫院管理局: 普通科門診(無日期)。醫院管理局。取自

https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_index.asp?Content_ID=10052&Lang=CHIB5&Dimension=100&Parent_ID=10042

10. 醫訊通熱線:香港的公立醫療服務(無日期)。醫訊通熱線。取自

http://www.hkma.org/medilink/m2.htm#title

11. 醫院管理局: 專科門診(無日期)。醫院管理局。取自

https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_index.asp?Parent_ID=10042&Content_ID=10053&Ver=HTML

12. 簡介(2021)。醫院管理局三方協作中醫診所暨教研中心網站。取自

https://www.ha.org.hk/chinesemedicine/intro.asp?lan=chi&cid=

13. 政府資助中醫服務 (2015)。醫院管理局中醫部。取自https://cmk.ha.org.hk/zh-cht/services/GovtSubsidisedCMServices#

14. 醫院管理局: 醫院聯網、醫院及醫療機構(無日期)。醫院管理局。取自

https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_text_index.asp?Content_ID=10036&Lang=CHIB5&Dimension=100&Parent_ID=10004&Ver=TEXT

15. Hospital Authority: Clusters, Hospitals & Institutions. (n.d.). Hospital Authority. Retrieved from https://www.ha.org.hk/visitor/ha_visitor_text_index.asp?Content_ID=10036&Lang=ENG&Dimension=100&Parent_ID=10004&Ver=TEXT#




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